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Backyard Native Wildflowers

NATIVE WILDFLOWERS FOR BACKYARD GARDENS

By: John Vining and Dick Bir, Extension Faculty at NC State University 


Often we want to grow native wildflowers in our home landscapes. However on many occasions our native plant species have special cultural requirements that can not be met with the soils and environmental conditions found around newly constructed homes. Some plants such as our indigenous lady slippers can not thrive except in certain natural settings. The following herbaceous wildflowers are a list of those native plants that should be able to grow in most home landscapes.


PLANT NAME

Columbine * (Aquilegia canadensis) – sun or semi-shade

Wild Ginger * (Asarum canadense) – shade

Butterfly Weed * (Asclepias tuberosa) – sun

False Blue Indigo * (Baptisia australis) – sun 

Turtlehead * (Chelone lyoni) – shade or semi-shade

Green & Gold * (Chrysogonum virginianum) – semi-shade

Joe-Pye Weed * (Eupatorium maculatum) – sun

Wintergreen * (Gaultheria procumbens) – semi-shade

Dwarf Native Iris * (Iris cristata) – sun or shade

Cardinal Flower * (Lobelia cardinalis) – sun or semi-shade

Great Lobelia * (Lobelia siphilitica) – semi-shade

Virginia Bluebell * (Mertensia virginica) – semi-shade

Alleghany Pachysandra * (Pachysandra procumbens) – shade or semi-shade

Creeping Phlox * (Phlox stolonifera) – sun or semi-shade

Solomon’s Seal * (Polygonatum biflorum) – sun or shade

Goldenrod * (Solidago sp.) – sun

Foamflower * (Tiarella cordifolia) – shade

Spiderwort * (Tradescantia subaspera) – sun or semi-shade

Ironweed * (Vernonia noveboracensis) – sun

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 * Denotes plant that are commericially available from the North Carolina Nursery Trade.


HARD TO FIND NATIVE WILDFLOWERS FOR HOME LANDSCAPES


 PLANT NAME

Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) – shade or semi-shade

Pipsissewa (Chimaphila maculata) -shade or semi-shade

Galax (Galax aphylla) – shade or semi-shade

Partridge Berry (Mitchella repens) – shade

Carolina Phlox (Phlox carolina) – sun or semi-shade

Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum) – sun or semi-shade

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) – shade or semi-shade

Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) – sun or semi-shade 

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